Questions 12 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.

Directions: In this section, you will hear two passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  • A Moveable metal type began to be used in printing.
  • B Chinese printing technology was first introduced.
  • C The earliest known book was published.
  • D Metal type was imported from Korea.
  • A It had more than a hundred printing presses.
  • B It was the biggest printer in the 16th century.
  • C It helped the German people become literate.
  • D It produced some 20 million volumes in total.
  • A It pushed handwritten books out of circulation.
  • B It boosted the circulation of popular works.
  • C It make writing a very profitable career.
  • D It provided readers with more choices.
  • A It accelerated the extinction of the Latin language.
  • B It standardized the publication of grammar books.
  • C It turned translation into a welcome profession.
  • D It promoted the growth of national languages.