Questions 16 to 18 are based on the recording you have just heard.

Directions: In this section, you will hear three recordings of lectures or talks followed by three or four questions. The recordings will be played only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  • A It is accessible only to the talented.
  • B It improves students’ ability to think.
  • C It starts a lifelong learning process.
  • D It gives birth to many eminent scholars.
  • A They encourage academic democracy.
  • B They promote globalization.
  • C They uphold the presidents’ authority.
  • D They protect students’ rights.
  • A His thirst for knowledge.
  • B His eagerness to find a job.
  • C His contempt for authority.
  • D His potential for leadership.